In the early 1990s, corruption was a taboo topic. Many companies regularly wrote off bribes as business expenses in their tax filings, the graft of some longstanding heads of state was legendary, and many international agencies were resigned to the fact that corruption would sap funding from many development projects around the world.
There was no global convention aimed at curbing corruption, and no way to measure corruption at the global scale.
Having seen corruption’s impact during his work in East Africa, retired World Bank official Peter Eigen, together with nine allies, set up a small organization to take on the taboo: Transparency International was established with a Secretariat in Berlin in 1993. From the beginning onwards, it was evident that the battle against corruption could not be fought on the global level alone, but needed to be fought on national levels as well. Therefore, TI combined global advocacy with an expanding network of national chapters. Today, TI has become a global network of over 90 national chapters. TI Zimbabwe (TI –Z) was established in 1996 and became accredited a national chapter in 2001.